Holy Days/Feasts & Festivals

Shabbat

  

  • The Shabbat is the first of the Holy Days the Lord  said to be remembered in all generations and is the only Holy Day found  in the 10 Commandments. It is a day of rest and spiritual rejuvenation  as we come together in corporate worship of the Lord.
  • Erev Shabbat marks the beginning of this Holy Day. Tradition  includes blessings, the lighting of the candles, the breaking of bread  and drinking of wine, and a festive leisurely dinner.
  • The Havdalah service marks the end of Shabbat and literally means separation or division.

Spring Feasts

 The Spring Feasts teach us what Yeshua (Jesus) established while on Earth.  

  • Shavuot (Pentecost or First Fruits) commemorates the giving of the Torah and harvest of the first fruits.
  • Pesach (Passover) commemorates God’s mercy on the Jews during the  killing of the Egyptian first born. It was at the final Passover Seder  with His disciples that Yeshua implemented the communion by teaching  that the middle matzah symbolized His body. He also taught that the cup  of redemption symbolized His blood that was poured out for the remission  of sins.
  • Chag HaMatzot (Unleavened Bread) is a week of being leaven free  (leaven symbolizes sin) in our homes and remembering our savior, Yeshua,  who was the perfect Passover Lamb.
  • We also include the Story of Esther, called Purim, as Jesus attended this fun Holy Day.

Fall Feasts

 The fall feasts teach us what will be fulfilled at Yeshua’s (Jesus’) return.  

  • Rosh HaShannah (Feast of Trumpets) is the Jewish New  Year and marks the beginning of ten days of awe; a time of prayer,  self-examination, and repentance which culminates on the fast day of Yom  Kippur.
  • Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) is the only day of the year the Kohen  Gadol (High Priest) entered the Holy of Holies to call on the name of  the Lord and offer blood sacrifices. Yeshua is our Kohen Gadol.
  • Sukkot (Feast of Tabernacles) is a festive Holy Day in which we  spend time in the sukkah (hastily built tent) used to remember the huts  Israel dwelt in while in the desert for forty years.
  • We also include the Simchat Torah (Joy of the Torah) and Chanukkah (Feast of Dedication.

Leviticus 23: 2-44

Describes the 7 Feasts and Festivals of the Lord

Adonai said to Moshe, 2   “Tell the people of Isra’el: ‘The designated times of Adonai which you   are to proclaim as holy convocations are my designated times.
3  “‘Work is to be done on six days; but the seventh day  is a Shabbat of  complete rest, a holy convocation; you are not to do  any kind of work;  it is a Shabbat for Adonai, even in your homes.
4 “‘These are the designated times of Adonai, the holy convocations you are to proclaim at their designated times.
5 “‘In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, between sundown and complete darkness, comes Pesach for Adonai. 6 On the fifteenth day of the same month is the festival of matzah; for seven days you are to eat matzah. 7 On the first day you are to have a holy convocation; don’t do any kind of ordinary work. 8   Bring an offering made by fire to Adonai for seven days. On the  seventh  day is a holy convocation; do not do any kind of ordinary  work.’”
9 Adonai said to Moshe, 10  “Tell the people of Isra’el, ‘After you enter the land I am giving you  and harvest  its ripe crops, you are to bring a sheaf of the  firstfruits of your  harvest to the cohen. 

11  He is to wave the sheaf before Adonai, so that  you will be accepted;  the cohen is to wave it on the day after the  Shabbat. 12 On the day  that you wave the sheaf, you are to offer a male lamb without defect,  in its first year, as a burnt offering for Adonai. 13   Its grain offering is to be one gallon of fine flour mixed with olive   oil, an offering made by fire to Adonai as a fragrant aroma; its drink   offering is to be of wine, one quart. 14  You are not to  eat bread, dried grain or fresh grain until the day you  bring the  offering for your God; this is a permanent regulation  through all your  generations, no matter where you live.
15  “‘From the day after the day of rest — that is, from  the day you bring  the sheaf for waving — you are to count seven full  weeks, 16 until the day after the seventh week; you are to count fifty days; and then you are to present a new grain offering to Adonai. 17   You must bring bread from your homes for waving — two loaves made with   one gallon of fine flour, baked with leaven — as firstfruits for  Adonai.  18  Along with the bread, present seven lambs without defect one year old,  one young bull and two rams; these will be a burnt offering for  Adonai, with their grain and drink offerings, an offering  made by fire  as a fragrant aroma for Adonai. 

 19 Offer one male goat as a sin offering and two male lambs one year old as a sacrifice of peace offerings. 20   The cohen will wave them with the bread of the firstfruits as a wave   offering before Adonai, with the two lambs; these will be holy for   Adonai for the cohen. 21  On the same day, you are to  call a holy convocation; do not do any  kind of ordinary work; this is a  permanent regulation through all your  generations, no matter where you  live.
22  “‘When you harvest the ripe crops produced in your  land, don’t harvest  all the way to the corners of your field, and don’t  gather the ears of  grain left by the harvesters; leave them for the poor  and the  foreigner; I am Adonai your God.’”
23 Adonai said to Moshe, 24  “Tell the  people of Isra’el, ‘In the seventh month, the first of the  month is to  be for you a day of complete rest for remembering, a holy  convocation  announced with blasts on the shofar. 25 Do not do any kind of ordinary work, and bring an offering made by fire to Adonai.’”
26  Adonai said to Moshe, 27 “The tenth day of this  seventh month is  Yom-Kippur; you are to have a holy convocation, you are  to deny  yourselves, and you are to bring an offering made by fire to  Adonai. 28 You are not to do any kind of work on that day, because it is Yom-Kippur, to make atonement for you before Adonai your God. 29 Anyone who does not deny himself on that day is to be cut off from his people;  

30 and anyone who does any kind of work on that day, I will destroy from among his people. 31 You are not to do any kind of work; it is a permanent regulation through all your generations, no matter where you live. 32   It will be for you a Shabbat of complete rest, and you are to deny   yourselves; you are to rest on your Shabbat from evening the ninth day   of the month until the following evening.”
33 Adonai said to Moshe, 34 “Tell the people of Isra’el, ‘On the fifteenth day of this seventh month is the feast of Sukkot for seven days to Adonai. 35 On the first day there is to be a holy convocation; do not do any kind of ordinary work. 36   For seven days you are to bring an offering made by fire to Adonai; on   the eighth day you are to have a holy convocation and bring an  offering  made by fire to Adonai ; it is a day of public assembly; do  not do any kind of ordinary work.
37  “‘These are the designated times of Adonai that you  are to proclaim as  holy convocations and bring an offering made by fire  to Adonai — a  burnt offering, a grain offering, a sacrifice and drink  offerings, each  on its own day — 38 besides the Shabbats of Adonai, your gifts, all your vows and all your voluntary offerings that you give to Adonai. 

39  “‘But on the fifteenth day of the seventh month,  when you have  gathered the produce of the land, you are to observe the  festival of  Adonai seven days; the first day is to be a complete rest  and the  eighth day is to be a complete rest. 40  On the  first day you are to take choice fruit, palm fronds, thick  branches and  river-willows, and celebrate in the presence of Adonai  your God for  seven days. 41  You are to observe it as a feast to Adonai seven days in the year; it  is a permanent regulation, generation  after generation; keep it in the  seventh month. 42 You are to live in sukkot for seven days; every citizen of Isra’el is to live in a sukkah, 43   so that generation after generation of you will know that I made the   people of Isra’el live in sukkot when I brought them out of the land of   Egypt; I am Adonai your God.’”
44 Thus Moshe announced to the people of Isra’el the designated times of Adonai.  

– Passages Taken From “The Complete Jewish Bible” By David H. Stern –